Manipal (maṇipāl) is a university city located in the state of Karnataka in India. It is a suburb within Udupi city and is administered by the Udupi City Municipality. It is located on the rocky hinterland of the Malabar Coast of south-west India, about 8 km (5.0 mi) east the Arabian Sea. From its location on a plateau, it commands a panoramic view of the Arabian Sea to the west and the Western Ghats to the east. Home to the Manipal University, the town attracts over twenty five thousand students every year.
Manipal is also the international headquarters of Syndicate Bank. A regional Information Technology hub, Manipal has one of the highest densities of mobile phone users in India. The Manipal Press, responsible for printing the Harry Potter series in Hindi and other Indian languages, is also headquartered in Manipal.
Situated 5 km (3.1 mi) from the temple city of Udupi and 65 km (40 mi) north of Mangalore, Manipal was previously part of the Shivalli village panchayat. The name is derived from "Mannu" and "palla", anglicised to Manipal. Mannu means mud and Palla means lake in Kannada and Tulu Languages. This 400 meter lake, after which Manipal is named is located in the middle of the town, and offers boating facilities. Manipal was once a barren hill with few trees. This hill was transformed to a University town by Dr. T. M. A. Pai who first started the Kasturba Medical College in 1953, now a part of the university.
Manipal is connected to Mangalore and Bangalore by several bus services, including the government run KSRTC. Buses leave Manipal for Mangalore every ten minutes, and for Bangalore every day. The nearest airport is Mangalore International Airport (formerly Bajpe Airport), which is located around 50 km (31 mi) from Manipal, connecting it to Indian cities like Mumbai, Bangalore and Delhi and internationally to the middle eastern countries like Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Buses also connect Manipal directly to the Kempegowda International Airport in Bangalore , to cater to the large number of international students studying at the university.
The nearest railway station is located about four kilometers west of Manipal, Indrali in Udupi on the Konkan railway line.
From September - February, the weather in Manipal is tropical with daily temperatures averaging 27 °C (81 °F). From June - August, Manipal witnesses one of the most extreme monsoons in the World, with the annual precipitation ranging from 500–560 cm (200–220 in). The months of March - May are hot and humid, with the daily temperatures typically peaking at 35 °C (95 °F).
Places in and Around Manipal:
Tiger Circle, popularly referred to by its initials by the locals and the university community is the main commercial center in Manipal. All the buses and taxis leave from here.
Manipal has a planetarium named after Dr. Pai. It is the second oldest planetarium in the state of Karnataka, after Bangalore’s Nehru Planetarium.
At one end of Manipal is End Point, which is a cliff overlooking the Swarna river. From this point, one can see the Arabian sea in the western horizon and the Western Ghats in the eastern horizon.
Udupi's Malpe beach is located about seven kilometers from Manipal.
Agumbe, a popular hill station on the Western ghats is around fifty kilometers east of Manipal, private buses ply daily to Agumbe. The major religious centre Sringeri is at distance of 88 kilometers from Manipal.