Mahanadi River is one of the most prominent rivers in the state of Chhattisgarh. It rises from the highlands of Raipur district and flows in the eastward direction, cutting a narrow valley in the Eastern Ghat. Mahanadi translates to Great River and as the name signifies is indeed one of the largest southeast Indian rivers and the sixth largest in India. The river drains the regions of Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Jharkhand and Orissa and finally culminates in the Bay of Bengal near Cuttack. It encompasses a total area of around 141,589 sq. km which accounts to almost 4.3 % of the total geographical area of India. During its long course, Mahanadi River is joined by numerous tributaries with Tel, Hadso, Shivnath, Ong, Mand and Jonk being the major ones.