Madhubani is a town and a municipality in Madhubani district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the district headquarters. It lies 26 km northeast of Darbhanga town and was part of the erstwhile 'Bettiah Raj'. Internal disputes and family quarrels divided the Bettiah Raj in course of time.
The Madhuban Raj in Madhubani was created as a consequence. The word "Madhuban" means "forest of honey" from which Madhubani is derived, but sometimes it is also known as "madhu"+"vaani", meaning "sweet" "voice/language". Madhubani is the cultural heart of Mithilanchal, being the birthplace of many literary people and home to Madhubani Paintings. As of 2001[update] India census, Madhubani Town had a population of 66,285. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Madhubani Town has an average literacy rate of 60%, just above the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 53%. In Madhubani Town, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age. In earlier times[when] there was a landlord named Babu who was the owner of all of the estate of Babubarahi. Consequently, it is now known as Babu Barahi.