Jorhat is the 2nd major city in Assam. The city acts as a gateway to upper Assam and the state of Nagaland. It was the last capital of the Ahom Kingdom. It is the home to many historical monuments of Assamese culture. The city today has evolved to be one of the major commercial and business hubs of the state with growing numbers of shopping malls, restaurants, hotels, flats and educational institutions. The city also serves as the base for tourism to famous places such as the Kaziranga National Park and the largest river island Majuli.
In the north of the district, the Brahmaputra River forms the largest riverine island of the World, Majuli, which spreads over 924.6 square kilometres with a population of about 150,000. The island, threatened with constant erosion by the mighty and unstable Brahmaputra River, had been the principal place of pilgrimage of Vaishnavites since the age of the Ahom rulers. Several Sattras (monasteries) resembling those of medieval times are headed by Satradhikars teaching Vaishnavism, which was introduced by Srimanta Sankardeva (1449-1568). Each Sattra has an unknown wealth of Vaishnavite scriptures and extensive revenue-free lands cultivated by the Bhakats (celebated monks) of the Sattras.
In the north of the district, the Brahmaputra River forms the largest riverine island of the world, Majuli, which spreads over 924.6 square kilometres with a population of about 150,000. The island, threatened by constant erosion by the mighty and unstable Brahmaputra River, had been the principal place of pilgrimage of Vaishnavites since the age of the Ahom rulers. Several Satras (monasteries) resembling those of medieval times are headed by Satradhikars teaching Vaishnavism which was initiated by Sankardeva (1449–1568). Each Satra has an unknown wealth of Vaishnav Scriptures and extensive revenue-free lands cultivated by the Bhakats (celebated monks) of the Satras.
Jorhat is and has been a vibrant place and is a perfect mixture of tradition and modernity. It was the hub of anti-British struggle of Assam. Before that it was the last capital of the Ahoms, the dynasty which ruled over Assam for six centuries. The cultural environment which prevails in Jorhat is the result of untiring effort of people trying to preserve its culture. In the year 1915, Jorhat Sahitya Shabha was established in Jorhat followed by Asam Sahitya Sabha was established on 27 December 1917 in Sibasagar. The Chandrakanta Handique Bhavan, donated by late Radhakanta Handique, is the Headquarters of the Asam Sahitya Sabha in Jorhat.
Jorhat has been able to produce many creative writers, historians, journalists, et cetera. Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya, the first Assamese to win India's highest literature award, the Jnanpith Award, was from Jorhat. Jorhat is the home of internationally reputed ideologists and educationalists like Krishna Kanta Handique, founder Vice Chancellor of Gauhati University. In the building of modern Assam, Jorhat has played a vital role as a sizable section of Assamese intelligentsia has always been from Jorhat. Jorhat Town Hall is the administrative building located in the centre of the City. The Elyee Talkies, presently known as Elyee Cinema, was the first cinema theatre in Gar Ali, the heart of the city.
Sports Infrastructures :
Places Of Interest
Some Other Attractions Are:
- Jorhat Stadium
- Jorhat Tennis Club
- Kushal Konwar Indoor Stadium
- Jorhat Swimming Pool
- Gymkhana Golf course
- Kaziranga Golf Resort
- Lachit Borphukan's Maidam: This is the maidam of great Lachit Borphukan. He was the greatest ever Ahom General who defeated the mighty Mughals at Saraighat in 1672. He died a year later and his remains were laid under this maidam by Swargadeo Udayaditya Singha. It is located at Gohain gaon of Meleng-Hulungapar. It is 8 km from the Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary.
- Raja Maidam: The existing maidam (vault) which lies on the south bank of River Tocklai on the northern side of Jorhat town is of the last Ahom king, Purandar Sinha, who expired on 1 October 1848. The present maidam was constructed to preserve the ashes of the last Ahom King Purandar Singha.
- Jorhat Gymkhana Club: Established by British, the Jorhat Gymkhana Club was built in 1876 by D. Slimmon, then Secretary of the club in Seconidhara village. The club has been a venue for horse races ever since its inauguration. The Governor's Cup is the major trophy awarded here every year. It has a lush green 9-hole golf course circuit vying for a position in the "World Heritage list" as the oldest golf course in Asia and the third oldest in the world The club offers facilities in lawn tennis grass courts, swimming pool, billiards, polo, gentleman's bar and cinema theatre. The cricket ground here is known as 'Jorhat Gymkhana Ground'. It had the grace of hosting the CK Naidu Under-19 Indian Cricket tournament matches. Khelmati sports club uses this ground for practising cricket. The Club road was the first asphalt road laid by the Britishers to connect the City Centre with the Jorhat Gymkhana Club.
- Chandrakanta Handique Bhavan: The Chandrakanta Handique Bhavan, built in 1926, was donated by late Radhakanta Handique. It is the headquarters of Asom Sahitya Sabha. Personalities like late Chandradhar Baruah, late Dimbeswar Neog, late Mitradev Mahanta and other writers from Jorhat have adorned the presidency of Asom Sahitya Sabha.
- Thengal Bhawan: Thengal Bhawan was built in 1880 by Raibahadur Shiva Prasad Barooah. In 1929, he published a weekly Assamese newspaper. Later, he established his printing press and office at Thengal Bhawan and managed to publish a daily newspaper, Dainik Baatari. Shiv Prasad Barooah was the owner and Bagmibar Nilamani Phukan was the editor of this daily newspaper. This newspaper was published from such a place, Thengal Bhawan, where there was no post office. It was the first daily newspaper in Assamese and also the first daily newspaper in any language, published from a village in entire India.
- Ayur Sanjeeva: Ayur Sanjeeva is a health resort situated inside the Tilikiam tea garden. Amidst the greenery of the tea garden and having the vast open land Malow Pathar behind it and with the perpetual cool breeze coming from the nearby Brahmaputra, this resort is to be the dreamland for nature lovers.
- Mou Chapori: Mou Chapori is a nice place at Neematighat, Jorhat. It is a small river island on Brahmaputra and an ideal place for family holidays. Cottages are attractive and available at affordable prices.
- Kaziranga Golf Resort: Kaziranga Golf Resort is a very scenic golf resort located near Sangsua tea garden of west Jorhat city.
- Fun City Aqua Park: Opening shortly Fun City Aqua park in Jorhat is going to make a mark as the first aqua park in Upper Assam region of India.
- Air: Jorhat Airport, commonly known as the Rowriah Airport,is located within the city itself and this makes traveling to the place by air all the easier. Jorhat City is serviced with direct flights to Kolkata, New Delhi (Via Guwahati), Bangalore (Via Guwahati and Kolkata) and Guwahati. Jorhat airport is fully functional, with many flights to different parts of the country. Jorhat airport is the oldest airport in upper Assam.
- Rail: Jorhat falls under the Northeast Frontier Railway zone of the Indian Railways. Jorhat Town Railway Station and Mariani Junction Railway Station are major stations of Jorhat City. Guwahati-Jorhat Jan Shatabdi Express and Guwahati-Jorhat Mariani Inter-City Express are the main train connections. A computerized reservation facility is available at the station. Rajdhani Express, Kamrup Express, Brahmaputra Mail are all important trains run through Mariani, a part of jorhat which is 16 km. from Jorhat City.
- Road: Jorhat is well connected with all major cities of Northeast India. Jorhat city is the only city in upper Assam to have Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT) service. The ISBT, located at Tarajan Katokipukhuri, on the outskirts of Jorhat, provides connectivity with other regions of the Northeast with regular buses for major cities and tourist destinations of the neighbouring states. National Highway 37 (India) connects Jorhat with all major cities of Assam.