Hisar previously spelled Hissar, is the administrative headquarters of Hisar district in the state of Haryana
in northwestern India
. It is located 164 kilometres to the west of New Delhi, India's capital, and has been identified as a counter-magnet city for the National Capital Region to attract migrants and develop as an alternative centre of growth to Delhi. As of June 2012, Hisar is India's largest galvanized iron manufacturing city. Due to presence of a large steel industry, it is also known as "The City of Steel".
Hisar was founded in 1354 AD, as Hisar-e-Firoza by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388. Firoz Shah also brought the waters of the Yamuna river to the city by means of a canal. The Ghaggar and Drishadvati rivers once flowed through the city but they have now changed their course. Hisar has a continental climate, with very hot summers and relatively cool winters. The most commonly spoken languages are Hindi and English; the most common dialects are Haryanvi and Bagri.
The city was ruled by several major powers, including the Mauryans in the 3rd century BC, the Tughlaqs in the 14th century, the Mughals in the 16th century and the British in the 19th century. After India achieved independence, it was unified with the state of Punjab. When the Punjab was divided in 1966, Hisar became part of Haryana.
Hisar has a continental climate, with very hot summers and relatively cool winters.The main characteristics of climate in Hisar are dryness, extremes of temperature and scanty rainfall.The city witnesses very hot summers and cool winters. The maximum day temperature during the summer varies between 40 to 46-degree Celsius. During winter its ranges between 1.5-degree to 4-degree Celsius.
The city has a large steel industry due to which it is also known as "The City of Steel".As of June 2012, Hisar is India's largest galvanized iron manufacturing city,beginning with Pipe Unit Jindal India Limited in 1964 and followed by Jindal Strips Limited in 1969.Other prominent steel and pipe manufacturing companies are Quality Foils Private Limited,Hisar Metal Industries Limited,Haryana Concast Limited, Haryana Tube Manufacturing Private Limited, Ravindra Tube Limited and Janak Steel Tubes Private Limited.
Dham is a prominent religious place located on the outskirts of the city.Built in the honour of Maharaja Agrasena, it is considered as a sacred place by the Agrahari and Agrawal communities. The construction of the temple was completed in 1984.The temple complex consists of three temples, the central one devoted to Goddess Mahalakshmi, the west end to Goddess Saraswati and the east end to Maharaja Agrasena. It also encompasses a pond Shakti Sarovar and an amusement park.A festival known as Agroha Maha Kumbh is held every year on Sharad Purnima.
Parks and Recreation:
The oldest park located in the city is the Krantiman Park
.It is a part of the St. Thomas Church
Complex. The park was built in the 19th century and was then known as Company Bagh.Another major park located in the city is Madhuban Park situated near the Mahabir Stadium
. The park was commissioned in 1972 and houses a swimming pool, children's library and a Kala Kendra.Located at the centre of the city is Town Park. The park was opened for public in 2000. It was developed and is maintained by Haryana Urban Development Authority. It adjoins the Central Jail and has an artificial waterfall.
Before independence of India, monsoon or groundwater used to be the main sources of irrigation.The main sources of water now is Balsamand branch of Bhakra canal.Municipal Corporation of Hisar supplies potable water to the city.The city first got electricity in 1936.It is now distributed by Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam Limited. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) provides landline and broadband services.