Haryana is a state in India. Constituted in 1966, it is one of two newly created states carved out of the greater Punjab province as a means of creating a stronger national identity. It has been a part of the Kuru region in North India. The name Haryana is found mentioned in the 12th century AD by the Apabhramsha writer Vibudh Shridhar (VS 1189-1230).
It is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north, and by Rajasthan to the west and south. The river Yamuna defines its eastern border with Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. Haryana also surrounds Delhi on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi. Consequently, a large area of Haryana is included in the National Capital Region, the capital of which is Delhi and is administered as a union territory.
Haryana has a rich cultural heritage that goes way back to the Vedic times. Dhosi Hill, the Ashram of revered Rishi Chyawyan is an important site where Chyawanprash was formulated for the first time. The people of Haryana have preserved their old religious and social traditions.The culture of Haryana & the humour is very much similar to that of Punjab (as Haryana was a part of Punjab state).They celebrate festivals with great enthusiasm and traditional fervor.
Their culture and popular art are Saangs, dramas, ballads and songs in which they take great delight. Regarding eating habits, there is an idiom that says, Hara-Bhara Haryana, Jit Doodh-Dahi ka Khana (meaning a lush-green state where milk and curd are the food).Food & cuisines of Haryana are almost same as the one's in Punjab & popular Haryanavi dishes include Makke di Roti (grounded dry corn) & Sarso da saag, Lassi (sweet yogurt),Rajma,Cholay-Bhature etc.
Rohtak is the educational hub of Haryana. It has Indian Institute of Management Rohtak. Maharishi Dayanand University in Rohtak city was established in 1976. Rohtak has almost 22 colleges within the city, offering different courses. There is a notable medical institute in northern India. It is now converted to a full fledged Medical University with an independently functioning Vice-Chancellor.
There are four Engineering colleges and two polytechnics for technical education and several educational societies such as jat, vaish, gaud etc.Rohtak also has many Distance learning institutes like Haryana Technical Institute .Recently several education institution offering various technical and engineering courses including B.Ed. have come up in the district. Rohtak is home to [[University Institute Of Engineering & Technology]], University Campus and a variety of private schools and Colleges. Eight graduation colleges and seven engineering colleges makes it education city of Haryana.
Haryana has produced some of the best Indian players in a variety of sports. In 2010 Delhi Commonwealth Games 22 out of 38 Gold Medals came from Haryana.During the 33rd National games held in Assam in 2007, Haryana stood 4th in the nation with a medal tally of 80, including 30 Gold, 22 Silver and 28 Bronze medals. In team sports, Haryana is the national champion in men's volleyball and women's hockey. Haryana is a traditional powerhouse in games like Kabbadi, Kho-kho, Judo, Boxing, Volleyball and Wrestling.
Modern India's most enjoyed game, cricket, is very popular Haryana. Haryana hurricane Kapil Dev is from Haryana. Wisden - The Bible of Cricket awarded Virender Sehwag the award for the best test match player for two consecutive years in 2008 and 2009. Indian wrestler Sushil Kumar who won bronze medal in Beijing olympics and silver in London olympics and made a record in Delhi commonwealth games by winning the game in just 11 seconds in World history.
Flora and fauna:
Thorny, dry, deciduous forest and thorny shrubs can be found all over the state. During the monsoon, a carpet of grass covers the hills. Mulberry, eucalyptus, pine, kikar, shisham and babul are some of the trees found here. The species of fauna found in the state of Haryana include black buck, nilgai, panther, fox, mongoose, jackal and wild dog. More than 300 species of birds are found here.
Rivers of Haryana:
The river Yamuna flows along its eastern boundary. The ancient Sarasvati River is said to have flowed from Yamuna Nagar, but it has now disappeared. these are the greate rever of haryana define boundary with UP. The river Ghaggar is Haryana's main seasonal river. The Ghaggar rises in the outer Himalayas, between the Yamuna and the Sutlej and enters Haryana near Pinjore, Panchkula district. Passing through Ambala and Hissar, it reaches Bikaner in Rajasthan and runs a course of 290 miles before disappearing into the deserts of Rajasthan. The Markanda river's ancient name was Aruna. A seasonal stream like the Ghaggar, it originates from the lower Sivalik Hills and enters Haryana near Ambala. During monsoons, this stream swells into a raging torrent notorious for its devastating power. The surplus water is carried on to the Sanisa lake where the Markanda joins the Sarasvati.