Gumla (Hindi: ) is a town which is also headquarters of Gumla district of Jharkhand state, India. Long ago Gumla was a small hamlet. Fair Gau-Mela took place once in a year and continued for one week. Here all items of daily use, utensils, ornaments, grains, cattle etc. were sold & exchanged. Since there was no other alternative to get the items, people make a long list of items required during the year and buy them in this mela. People from distant places used to come here for buying & selling cattle such as cows & bullocks for agricultural purposes. Gradually people started to inhabit this place. It grew into a village and got the name Gumla as a derivative of GauMela. During medieval era Chhotanagpur region was reigned by Kings of Naga dynasty.
Baraik Devenandan Singh was given right to rule over Gumla circle. It is said that during the Kolh Reble in 1931-32, Vaktar Say had played a prominent role. Ganga Maharaj, who built the Kali Temple at Sri Ramnagar, had played active role in Quit India Movement in 1942. For this great contribution for Independence, he was honored with Life Time Pension by government of India.