Gobichettipalayam (also known as Gobi) is a town and municipality in Erode District of Tamil Nadu state, India. Gobichettipalayam is an important town in the northwestern part of the state and is the headquarters of the taluk of the same name. It is situated at 213 metres above sea level and is approximately 35 km from the district headquarters Erode. Gobichettipalayam is also known as 'Chinna Kodambakkam' or 'Mini Kollywood' because of the film shooting that takes place here. Many films in Tamil and other languages have been shot here.
The temperature is moderately warm in Gobichettipalayam, except during the summer months when it is very hot. Rainfall is moderate to high, unpredictable and unevenly distributed. The city is not windy but the abundance of trees and vegetation surrounding the city makes its climate pleasant. The soil mainly consists of black loam, red loam and red sand. In general, the soil in and around the city is fertile and good for agriculture purposes. The surrounding water logged rice fields contribute to the high humidity levels.
- Language: Kongu Tamil, a dialect of Tamil is the language spoken by majority of the people. English is used as an official language along with Tamil. Other languages spoken include Malayalam, Kannada and Telugu.
- Cuisine: Gobichettipalayam cuisine is predominantly south Indian with rice as its base. Most locals still retain their rural tradition, with many restaurants still serving food on a banana leaf. North Indian, Chinese and continental cuisines are also available. Mysorepa (a sweet made from lentil flour and Halwa (a sweet made of different ingredients like milk, wheat, rice) are famous. Idly, Dosa, Vada-Sambar and Biryani are popular among the locals. Coffee shops and Chat Centres have been on the increase, and serve as meeting places for young people.
The city is developing quickly and has been described by the government as "Bi-functional", with 31% of the work force engaged in agriculture, 56% in trading and other activities and 13% in industry. A number of banks have been established in the town in recent years, testimony to the growth and prosperity of the local economy. The economy is predominantly dependent on agriculture. The economy of Gobichettipalayam centers on agriculture, with paddy, sugarcane, plantain, tobacco and turmeric being the principal crops. The taluk is known for its lush green paddy fields which attracts cine industry. Gobichettipalayam is well known for its plantain cultivation and the production of coconuts. There are regulated market places run by the Government of India for the trade of agricultural products mainly turmeric, copra and bananas.
Gobichettipalayam is one of the leading producers of silk cocoon in the country. Mulberry cultivation has increased in the recent years and a silk research extension center was established by the Government of Tamil Nadu in collaboration with the Central Silk Board. India's second automated silk reeling unit was established in here in 2008. A large number of spinning mills have come up in to support to the weaving and knitwear to supplement Tirupur
. IT and BPO sector is also developing with a few start up companies based out of the city. Other industries include cotton textiles, motors, pumps, automobile spares, textile machinery manufacturing, castings and machined parts.
Gobichettipalayam has a good educational infrastructure. It sends the second highest number of students to medical colleges every year in the state. There are a number of schools offering quality education. Notable of them are Diamond Jubilee Higher Secondary School, established over a 100 years ago and visited by Mahatma Gandhi, and Shree Vidyalaya, which has a full-time dyslexic center. The city is also home to Gobi Arts and Science College, one of the oldest arts colleges in the state. The city itself has only a few engineering colleges, but its proximity to Coimbatore
and Erode makes it an ideal educational hub.
Places of Interest:
- Arulmigu Pariyur Kondathu Kaliamman Temple
- Arulmigu Amarapaneeswarar Temple
- Arulmigu Adinarayana Swamy Temple
- Arulmigu Balamurugan Temple
- Arulmigu Muthukumaraswamy Temple
- Arulmigu Mariamman Temple
- Road: The municipality of Gobichettipalayam has 67.604 km of roads, 6.6 km of which are owned by the State Highways Department. Gobichettipalayam city is well connected by major roads passing through the center of the city. The Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (TNSTC) has a depot apart from a large central bus stand in Gobichettipalayam. Originally called as Jeeva Transport Corporation (JTC), it came into being by bifurcation of the Cheran Transport Corporation.
- Rail: The nearest railway station is Erode Junction (38 km), which is a major Railway station from where trains ply to all over the country. A railway line has been proposed for Mysore. The railway line was proposed during the British rule in 1922; survey was made four times but it failed to materialize. The Palani-Chamrajnagar railway line scheme was proposed in 1915. But till date, nothing had been done on the Erode-Gobichettipalayam-Sathyamangalam railway line work. For introduction of the scheme it required a minimum Rs. 500 crore and the amount may be sanctioned immediately.
- Air: The nearest airport is Coimbatore International Airport (74 km) which has regular flights from/to various domestic destinations like Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Kozhikode, Mumbai, Pune and international destinations like Sharjah and Singapore.