Dhubri is the headquarters of Dhubri district (Assam) India. It is a small old town on the bank of the Brahmaputra and Gadadhar rivers. In 1883, the town was first constituted as a Municipal Board and is situated about 280 kilometres (174 mt) west from Guwahati, the state capital. Dhubri was an important commercial centre and had a busy river port particularly for jute. Dhubri is called the "Land of Rivers" as it is covered three sides by rivers.
Geography & Climate:
The town is located between 89.5 degree east longitude and 26.1 degree north latitude. The town is about 34 m above the sea level. Dhubri is covered by rivers by three sides, predominated by river Mighty Brahmaputra, which is a sorrow as well as joy for the dwellers. Most of these people are Deshi (goalparia Assamese people which includes the hindu and muslim goalparia people) people. Only in dhubri Town more than 50% bengali people are present. This is region of koach kindom. Great freedom fighter of Assam Bhasani Moulana Abdul Hamid khan was originally from dhubri. After pertion he left to pakisthan. It is famous because of Netai dhuoni ghat, Panbari masque, Maha-maya mandir, Pash Peer Dargah and many more.
Culture & Festivals:
More than 50,000 Hindus, Sikhs, Muslims and all faiths devotees from all over the country and abroad assemble in this historic shrine every year in the month of December to mark the martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur, which starts on 3 December with great solemnity and ceremony. Sikhs call the week long reverence of Sahidee-Guru-Parav which is marked with a massive procession. Guru Tegh Bahadur thus earned the affectionate title of "Hind-di-Chadar" or the Shield of Hind dates back to Hindustan.
Dhubri District is bestowed with attractive scenic beauties. Both the banks of river Brahmaputra with its lush green fields, blue hills and hillock is a feast to the eyes of the onlookers. Some of the attractions are:
Flora And Fauna:
- Gurdwara Sri Guru Tegbahadur Sahibji
- Panchpeer Dargaha
- Mahamaya Dham
- Rangamati Mosque
- Chakrasila Wildlife Sanctuary
- Florican Garden
On 14 July 1994, a unique virgin forest patch of Dhubri District of Assam was declared as Wildlife Sanctuary by the gazette notification of the Assam Government. This Sanctuary has been named as "Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary
". This is the youngest sanctuary of the North East India having an area of 11,260.00 acres (45.5676 sq km). Chakrasila is unique because of the presence of Golden Langur (Presbytis geei) which is found nowhere else except along the Assam and Bhutan
border. Besides, the virgin forest of Chakrasila Wildlife Sanctuary is endowed with rare specimens of tress, shrubs, medicinal plants, mammals, reptiles and exquisite birds and insects.
There are several small springs for quenching the thirst of the wild animals of this Hilly forest. But the two major perennial springs in the Sanctuary are howhowi Jhora and Bamuni Jhora, which flow over the rocks, sparkling and spattering throughout the year, adding to the scenic beauty of the Sanctuary. The diverse eco-systems of Chakrasila present a model habitat diversity and support various mammlian spicies like Tiger, leopard, Golden Langur, Leopard Cat, Gaur, Mongoose, Porcupine, Pangoline, Flying Squirrel, Civet Cat etc. Along with all these prolific gifts of the nature Chakrasila has a wide variety of avifauna.
Dhubri has an airport at Rupshi which is about 23 km away from the town. It was constructed during World
War II by the British Govt. mainly for military purpose. Till 1983, the Indian Airlines and some private commercial flights operated regularly between Calcutta, Guwahati and Dhubri. Now it is totally closed. However, recently the ministry of DONER, GOI, has taken some initiative to renovate and functionalise the airport. The town had a very busy river port on the bank of the Brahmaputra which was used as an international trade centre with the neighbouring countries, specially in British era. At present, this port is lying idle. The importance of the Railway station and the MG line was also decreased since 1947, when the direct line to Calcutta was snapped as it ran through erstwhile East Pakistan
). However the train facilities are running from Dhubri taking a new route from Dhubri to Guwahati Kamakhya station. The train service has newly started on 2010 again, and it is functioning smoothly.