Dhosi Hill, an hill, standing alone in the North-West end of Aravali Mountains range.Geologists maintaining that Aravali range did not have any volcanic eruptions during last 2 million years.Dhosi Hill is located in India
, on the borders of two states, south Haryana and north Rajasthan. Haryana portion of the Hill lies in District Mahendragarh, and is located 5 km from Narnaul on Singhana Road and the Rajasthan portion lies in the district of Jhunjhunu.
The present ownership of the hill belongs to the three Panchayats of villages 'Dhosi' in district Jhunjhunu in the state of Rajasthan, villages 'Thana' and 'Kultajpur' in the district of Mahendragarh of state Haryana. The three villages are inhabited on the three waterfalls, which get activated during monsoons in the months of July–August, originating from the 'Sarover' on the hill top. The three water falls are clearly mentioned in the epic 'Mahabharat'. Each village has an ancient water reservoir also in their village to augment the needs of water for villagers as well as animals.While the ground level is about 900 feet above the sea level, the hill top is another 900 feet above the ground level.
Centre of Ayurveda:
Dhosi Hill has remained an important Ayurvedic centre since the Vedic times because of fertile and virgin soil on the volcanic hill. The entire hill has several types of rare herbs, though because of negligence of neighbouring Panchayats herbs are getting damaged by animal grazing and cutting of shrubs and trees by villagers.
Dhosi Hill has remnants of a Fort which was built by Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, also known as Hemu about 500 years ago, on the hill top of this hill. Thick walls, up to 25 feet high and 40 feet wide are built even along the steepest and tops of the hills. Fort was constructed to safeguard the Heritage and Ashrams on the hill from frequent attacks by Muslim invaders during medieval period. Hemu is known in history as a Dhusar. It was because of his origin from this area that his community was known as 'Dhusar'. To replace the old temple a Fort like temple of Chyavana Rishi was built at the crater of the hill in 1890s, which is 125 years old, by the Dhusars or the Bhargava Community.
All weather stairs in stone and lime plaster are constructed on Kultajpur and Thana sides of villages. The way from Dhosi village and pony track from Thana village are damaged at present. Stairs from Kultajpur side are the most comfortable means of going to top of hill. Stairs are wide and one can relax on them at places. Journey gives a good view of villages in neighbourhood and distant Aravali ranges. During Monsoons, one gets to pass through clouds as well.
Rejuvenating Sarovar at Top:
An ancient Sarover (Reservoir) for storing rain water for bathing for pilgrims is located on the hill for centuries. The rain water stored in the Sarover carries some rejuvenating properties and treatment for skin ailments. The water in the reservoir becomes herbal and 'Cupric' because of good quantity of Copper metal in the hill and growth of rare herbs in large quantities. The reservoir gets silted over the time and needs to be desilted at regular intervals.
Parikrama and Reverence:
Dhosi hill is revered by Hindus since its eruption. It has several mentions in Sanskriti books. Visitors to the hill for pilgrimage always had a parikrama of this revered hill. Narrating how all persons take a Parikrama of this hill, Guru Shaunak of Pandavs asked them to join him for this ritual during their visit to hill. The old 'Parikrama' is distinctly and clearly identifiable in the picture above. Some people take the Parikrama even at present times, though there are no facilities available for pilgrims.
In case of rains, dust storms or heat waves, no shelters are available. No drinking water facilities are there on 8–9 km parikrama track. Some portions of the ancient 'Parikrama' are damaged because of land slides.A few decades ago sufficient facilities were available to pilgrims visiting Dhosi Hill for Parikrama. Water reservoirs were there on the route, Sufficient number of trees were there for protection against sun and rains.
Temples And Religious Melas :
Apart from Temples at Shiv Kund, halfway to top of hill from Kultajpur side, there are several temples on the crater portion of the Hill. Most prominent among them is Chyvan Rishi temple built by Bhargava community. There is a Shiv temple on the crater, a devi temple on the hill top, a Ram Temple next to the Royal Guest House and some small-small set ups. Different temples attract devotees on different days, but generally devotees visit all temples.Several Melas take place on the Hill on various festivals and special days.
There are four routs around the hill to go up to the crater. Two are from village Thana. Pony path, from village Thana side, which is quite wide should have been the most convenient, but because of erosions and land slidings the path is damaged at many places. Stair path from village Thana is rather steep, and small stairs do not provide even resting places. The third path from Dhosi village side, though is the shortest yet, even the stairs have been washed away at many places by a seasonal waterfall from the hill. The best route to go up the hill is the fourth path from village Kultajpur side, which provides broad stairs and comfortable journey, though there are no rain or sun shelters on route. One can sit on the stairs to rest and enjoy views of old Drishadwati river, presently known as Dohan river. .
The hill provides tourism opportunities to various categories of tourists. Students get to know about an extinct Volcanic Hill with distinct crater, conical hill, solidified lava and variety of herbs on not very old soil. Religious tourists will find ancient caves and Ashram of Chyawan Rishi on the Hill which has a walk from base to Hill top of 30 minutes to one hour depending on how fast one moves. Shiv Kund has old structures of now defunct Sanskrit Vidyalaya. Shiv Kund also falls on this route.