Bihar Sharif is the district headquarters of Nalanda district in the state of Bihar in eastern India. It is located 75 km from Patna, the capital of Bihar state. It is 13 km from the ruins at Nalanda. It is situated at Hiranya Prabhat Parvat ( now known as Badi Pahari)and bank of River Panchanan. The land of Bihar Sharif is very fertile. Aluvial Soil formation which is mostly deposited by several river of his area. Many local river such as Dhoba, Panchanan, Goithva, etc.