Bhadrachalam is a Mejor Grama Panchayathi in Khammam district, in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is located 312 kilometres (194 mt) east of state capital, Hyderabad. It is situated on the banks of the river Godavari, is an important site of pilgrimage for Hindus. Here the presiding deity is Lord Rama.
Bhadrachalam town has a documented history of Lord Sri Rama temple constructed in the year 17th Century CE. The present town is situated in an area, which once formed part of the Dandakaranya forest,said to be visited by Sri Rama,Sita and Lakshmana during their exile (vanavasam). The jungle in the vicinity of the temple was the actual site of Rama's retreat and it was at the Parnasala that he built a hut for himself and Sita and from where Sita was abducted by Ravana. The history of this shrine stands for the significance of Ramayana Era, and vicinity of the temple had its incongruous add mixture of another story which depicts the exigency of " Sri Mahavishnu " to manifest himself as Rama long after Ramavatara was to fulfill his promise to his Bhakta Bhadra (a mountain king), a sage who had been continuing the frightened penance to get grace of Lord Rama.
The temple at Bhadrachalam has the Archa Murthys of Rama, Sita and Lakshmana and are considered to be Swayambhu (self-manifested ones). Lord Sri Rama appeared in a dream to a woman called Pokala Dammakka and informed here about the existence of vigrahas on Bhadragiri hills. To her surprise she found the "Vigraha's" and put up a modest structure. Dhammakka, cleared jungle and offered puja to the deities.
Bhakta Ramadas And Construction Of Temple:
Kancherla Gopanna (c 1620 - 1680 CE), popularly known as Bhadradri Ramadasu or Bhadrachala Ramadasu, was a 17th century Indian devotee of Rama and a composer of Carnatic music. He lived in the village of Nelakondapalli near Bhadrachalam, Andhra Pradesh during the 17th century and is renowned for constructing a famous temple for Lord Sri Rama at Bhadrachalam. Ramadasu under the guidance of Pokala Dammakka built the temple at Bhadrachalam.
Two festivals are most important here at Bhadrachalam -
Temples In Surrounding Areas:
- Annual Kalyanotsavam on the eve of Sri Rama navami, during Sri Rama Navami (march-April) there is a huge influx of pilgrims not only from Andhra districts, but also from other distant places to attend the wedding of Lord Rama with Sita.
- Vaikunta Ekadasi (Mukkoti) Sree Seetaramachandra swamy will give darshan through the Vaikuntha dwaram on the eve of Mukkoti (December–January).
There are many places to visit around Bhadrachalam surroundings. Some of the other important temples in Bhadrachalam are as follows:
- Sri Venkateshwara Swamy Temple (near Ambedkar centre, Busstand, BCM)
- Sri Krishna Temple (on the way to Raamalayam)
- Sri Durga Devi Temple (near ITDA)
- Sri Kodanda Rama Temple (near police station, BCM)
- Sri Kodanda Rama Temple Morampalli banjar
- Sri Uma Rama Liageswar Alyam near Ambedkar Centre V. Colony BCM
- Sri Abhayanjaneya Swamy Temple, Near Bridge Centre
- Sri Annapurna Kasi Visweswara Swamy Temple
- Sri Yogananda Jwala Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple
- Sri Govinda Raja Swamy Temple (Tatagudi)
- Sri Sai Baba Temple
- Sri Abhayanjaneya Swamy Temple
- Sri Raja Rajeshwari Temple
- Sri Ayyappa Swamy Temple
- Sri Harnath Baba Mandir
- Sri Amba Satram Temple
- Parnasala: This is supposed to be the exact spot where Rama, during his vanavasa in Dandakaranya, constructed a hermitage and spent his exile with his consort Sita and brother Laxmana. Agastya had selected this spot for Rama and is about 35 km from Bhadrachalam. The picturesque display of some scenes of vanavasa could be seen at Parnashala. One can see the foot prints of Sita devi, Mosaic of Maarecha in the guise of golden deer and Ravana in the guise of Sanyasi for Bhikshatana. Also found in the vicinity are Sita Vaagu-where she had bathed and collected the turmeric and Kunkum from nearby stones and the marks of her saree on the rock near Sita Vaagu. These are all the visiting places for the pilgrims. As Ravana kidnapped Sita, the deity at Parnashala is called Sokarama. The tracks of the chariot of Ravana while kidnapping Sita can be seen on the mountain on the other side of the river bank at Parnashala temple.
- Jattayu Paaka (Yetapaka): This place is situated from 2 km away from Bhadrachalam. According to Itihasas, the bird Jatayuvu, a devotee of Rama had obstructed Ravana while he was proceeding on the chariot after kidnapping Sita. After the fearful battle between Ravana and Jataayuvu, the heavily injured bird had waited at this place in search of Rama. A wing of this bird fell at Rekkapalli, about 55 km from here, in V.R. Puram Mandal.
- Dummugudem: Here Rama is called the Atmarama. The story reveals that Rama killed 14,000 demons headed by the brothers Khara and Dushana. As the village was said to be built upon the ashes of these demons, the place is named after as Dummugudem.
- Gundala: It is a place 5 km away from the sacred town Bhadrachalam, where springs of hot water could be traced on the river bank when we dig a pit at any place in this area. It is believed that the divine trios (Brahma Vishnu Maheswara) had their dips in winter season according to Brahma Purana.
- Sree Rama Giri: This place is situated on the bank in the down stream of river Godavari, about 55 km from here. The deity of Yoga Rama Temple is on a hill and is named as Ramagiri.
- Venkatareddipeta: This place is situated 12 km away from bhadrachalam, where lord venkateswara swami kalyan will celebrate every year.
- Gannavaram: This place is situated 25 km away from Bhadrachalam, where Botlamma will receive prayers from the devotees.
- Bus: From Khammam, It is better to go catch a Bus for Bhadrachalam. Direct rail connectivity from khammam doesn't exists. 2.5 Hours journey from Khammam to Bhadrachalam by bus.
- Train: Khammam to Badhrachalam Road a passenger train does its service. From Badhrachalam Road every 15 min a bus service available to Badhrachalam town. From Secunderabad to Bhadrachalam Road there is a daily train at 10.45pm, and will reach Bhadrachalam Road by 4.45am. Then there will be frequent buses up to Bhadrachalam., and also there is another Super fast train (11.45pm) secunderabad to Bhadrachalam Road which will run thrice a week (M,W,F).