Bellary is a historic city in Bellary District in Karnataka state, India. Numerous neolithic archeological sites have been discovered around Bellary, such as the ash mounds at Sanganakallu, Budhihal, Kudithini, Tekkalakote, Hiregudda and Kupgal. Bellary Fort is a place of historical, archeological and geological interest which was built on top of Ballari Gudda or the Fort Hill. The Fort was built round the hill during Vijayanagara times by Hande Hanumappa Nayaka. It was classified as 1st class by the British Administration.This fort gave Bellary its ancient importance, and led to its selection by the British rulers as the site of a cantonment. Daytime is most suitable for visits. The hill fort is illuminated on Sundays and days of national importance.
Granite rocks and hills form a prominent feature of Bellary, and granite quarrying is big business. The city is spread mainly around two huge rocky granite hills, the Ballari Gudda and Kumbara Gudda . These two hills are dominant features of the city, and are visible from every part of the city.
The Sanganakallu settlement, spread over an area of 1,000 acres (4.0 km2), is one of the largest neolithic complexes known around Bellary. Some of the events in the Ramayana have been related to places around Hampi, the celebrated capital of the Vijayanagara empire.