Basavanagudi is a residential and commercial locality in the Indian city of Bangalore. The residential area is located in South Bangalore and borders Jayanagar. The name "Basavanagudi" refers to the Bull Temple that is located here. It is a monolith statue of the Nandi Bull. Basava in Kannada, the local language, means Bull and Gudi means temple. Hence, the name Basavanagudi.
The City of Bangalore has been growing at a rapid pace on all fronts. It was Kempegowda who was responsible for building the modern city of Bangalore (c1537), erecting a mud fort here to the north of the now existing fort which covered the area of Avenue Road and its surroundings. This he is said to have done at the instructions of Emperor Achutaraya and it is he who raised the Basavanagudi(temple) and expanded the Gavigangadhara and Someshwara temples. He is also credited with the construction of the Sampangi tank, the Kempambudhi and the Dharmambudhi tanks in Bangalore.
New extensions were added to the old town by creating Chamarajapet and Sheshadripuram in 1892, the former named after Chamarajendra Wodeyar and the later after Dewan Sheshadri Iyer. The Tata Silk Farm founded in 1896 near the Nagasandra and Yediyur villages became the nucleus of a future extensions of the city. Two new bigger extensions, Basavanagudi (named after the Basaveshwara Temple or the Bull Temple in the Sunkenahalli village) and Malleshwaram (named after the Kadu Malleshwara Temple in the old Mallapura village) came up in 1898 to decongest the old Pete area as well as the cantonment area after the outbreak of Plague.
Basavanagudi is one of the oldest areas in Bangalore.It was predominantly inhabited by Kannadigas or natives a few decades ago. It was previously known as Sunkenahalli.It reminds one of the Bangalore of yore, with wide tree lined avenues dotted with houses. Commercialisation has taken a toll in this area with excessive tree felling due to the Metro line as well as the National College flyover and Tagore Circle underpass. This area is the cultural capital of Bangalore with predominant Kannadiga population and lot of festivities. It had very old traditional houses and is known for shooting Kannada television soap operas. Some well known religious places are the Bull temple, Ramakrishna Ashram and Shankar Mutt. Every year two day fair of peanuts is held near dodda ganapathi temple of Basavanagudi calle Kadlekai Parishe which translates to Groundnut Fair. Lot of different kinds of groundnuts are exhibited and sold during this time.