Located in the northern part of Mahasamund district, Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the finest in the region. Established in 1976, it covers an area of only 245 sq km. The topography of the region is varied with plains and hills of altitude ranging between 265 m to 400 m. Teak, sal and bamboo are the most prominent trees of Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary. Other important plants found in the sanctuary include semal, niahua, ber and tendu.
The park is home to the tiger, sloth bear, flying squirrel, jackal, four-horned antelope, leopard, chinkara, black buck, jungle cat, barking deer, porcupine, bison, striped hyena, wild dog, chital, sambhar, nilgai, gaur, muntjac, wild boar, cobra, python, etc. Major bird species include parrot, bulbul, white-romped vulture, green avadavat, lesser kestrel, peafowl, woodpecker, racket-tailed drongo, etc. Barnawapara is said to have the largest density of leopards in India. The nearest airport is at Mana in Raipur (85 kms). Mahasamund Railway Station (60 kms) is the nearest railhead from the Barnawapara Sanctuary.