Bagalkot is a town in the Indian state of Karnataka. Bagalkot is the district headquarters of the Bagalkot district. It is one of the major towns in North Karnataka. According to stone inscriptions in the surrounding area, the town's name was formerly Bagadige.
According to legend, the town was gifted to the Bajantries (musicians) by Ravana, the king of Lanka who ruled this area. One of the Bijapur kings is said to have presented the town to his daughter as bangle money (a tradition in which the daughter is given money to buy bangles, sarees, gold ornaments from her parents after the marriage). Consequently the place acquired the name Bagdikot, which later became Bagalkot. Bagalkot remained under successive dominions of Vijayanagar emperors, Peshwas, Hyderali of Mysore, Maratha rulers, and finally the British in 1818. In 1865, it was established as a municipality and civic amenities were provided to the residents of Bagalkot. The place was a noted centre of freedom movement and the Unification movement. Today, Bagalkot is divided into two parts - the new Bagalkot or Navanagar and the old Bagalkot town. The construction of new town became necessary following submergence of parts of old town due to construction of Almatti Dam. Navanagar is a planned town with grid pattern layout with wide roads, parks, and other amenities.