Ambikapur is a city in the Surguja district of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. It is the District headquarters of Surguja district, one of the oldest districts of Chhattisgarh. Recently, two more districts namely Surajpur and Balrampur have been carved out of Surguja district, on 15th August 2011 by the State Chief Minister Dr. Raman Singh along with eight other new districts. It is also the divisional Headquarter of Ambikapur Division which consists of 5 districts namely- Sarguja, Korea, Balrampur, Surajpur and Jashpur. It was the capital of Princely state of Surguja before Indian independence. The name of the city is derived from the goddess Ambika (Mahamaya) Devi, which is the central place of worship of the area.
Ambikapur is connected with Anuppur railway junction, a bordering town in Madhya Pradesh, by broad gauge railway track. Trains originating at Ambikapur run to Anuppur, Katni, Satna, Jabalpur, Durg, Bhopal and the state capital Raipur. More trains (such as a train to New Delhi) can be reached at Anuppur railway junction.
Ambikapur is well connected by road to other major cities of Chhattisgarh such as Raipur, Bilaspur, Durg, Bhilai, Korba and Raigarh. Daily bus services also run for Varanasi, Renukoot in U.P (170 km), Raipur (345 km) and Gadhwa road in Jharkhand (160 km). Bus services from Anuppur to Ambikapur operate via Manendragarh and Surajpur. The bus journeys from Bilaspur and Anuppur take around 5 to 6 hours.
Darima airstrip is located 12 km from the city. The nearest airport from where scheduled flights operate regularly is Raipur, the capital of Chhattisgarh state.
Recently Ambikapur is connected by rail line to Bilaspur, Raipur and Durg along with Annuppur, jabalpur. In the recent assembly elections(2008) Ambikapur became a delimited assembly constituency, after many years it was open for all categories as compared to its S.T. reserved status in the earlier elections. Ambikapur assembly segment was seen as an important battle of crucial symbolic value between the Congress and the Bhartiya Janta Party.