Adra is a census town and a railway colony which was originally known for its 90% of Anglo Indian population in Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is an important railway division. The major sub-divisions of Adra are Beniasole, Palashkola, Jhariadih, Panchudanga, Laldanga, daulatpur, Arabinda Pally, Medical colony, Children's Park and SER colonies (north and south). Adra railway market is the most denser place consisting most Marwaris.
Adra is the divisional headquarters of the Adra division of South Eastern Railway. The economy of the town is driven by the presence of the railways there. It is one of the three most important coal loading divisions (the other two being Bilaspur and Chakradharpur) which supply coal to power plants across India.
An important railway junction, Adra Railway Station connects to Asansol on the Howrah-Delhi Main Line, Tatanagar on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line, Kharagpur on the Kolkata-Chennai and Kolkata-Mumbai lines, and Gomoh on the Kolkata-Delhi line. The railroad station has four platforms which are busy throughout the day with trains passing to a number of destinations in each direction.
Places of tourist interest close to Adra include Bankura, known for the 'Bankura Horse', clay sculptures, and Bishnupur known for its baluchari silk sarees and terracotta temples. There is also a nature park called "satabdi park" with a natural water reservoir called "shaheb bandh" and a forest called "mohanpura reserve forest". Also there is Jaichandi Pahar (Hill) about 5 km away from Adra Railway Station is one of the popular places for Rock Climbing. Kashipur Rajbari also a tourist place near Adra.
Adra can be considered a cosmopolitan town, representing a mix of diverse cultures of India. There are many people from the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Orissa who live here in Adra. The people of Adra are fond of Pujas. Every month there is one Puja or another. Starting from January–February till December, people are seen busy with celebrations. Come January, you have Saraswathi puja, then Ganesh Puja, Viswakarma Puja (a major attraction of Adra), Durga Puja, Lakshmi Puja, Kali Puja, Chat and so on. The most important part of these all puja is the idol bisarjan at the last day of puja. People come together in the street and dance together to all the Bollywood hots including Bhojpuri and Bengali songs. Another very famous culture that's being followed for more than 100 years is the famous 31st Dance (31 December Night) that's celebrated every single year. All the Anglo families get together and have this dance every year, people from different places like Asansol, Dhanbad, Jamshedpur, Kharagpur etc. come to Adra for this night which is held at the South Eastern Institute.
Adra is known for Sacred Heart Church, which is one of the oldest churches built by the Britishers in 1819. Sacred Heart Church is the largest church under the Jamshedpur Diocese.
There are a lot many Tea Stalls which are considered to be the hottest place at Adra. There are many places for entertainment at Adra, Example:- Pump House, Food Park, Hati Park & Station Road. Adra is really a peaceful place to live in. A small town and most importantly it's not a crowded place. boy's of samdi...
Adra is the state center for training for the Bharat Scouts and Guides, and holds the Presidents' Award selection camps occasionally. It has the SERSA Stadium and Engineering Ground where annual Football and Cricket Events organised by Railways and others are held. There are many Cricket and Football tournaments organised at Adra. ICL Madhav Rao Scindhia Memorial Cricket Tournament is one of the biggest events which organise by SERMC (Adra Division).