Chai Wan (/ˌtʃaɪ ˈwɑːn/; Chinese: 柴灣), formerly mistakenly known as Sai Wan (西灣), lies at the east end of the urban area of Hong Kong Island next to Shau Kei Wan. The area is administratively part of the Eastern District, and is a mosaic of industrial and residential areas. The population was 186,505 in 2001.
Chai Wan is built on land reclaimed from the bay and extends west from Lei Yue Mun in Heng Fa Chuen (see below) and east to Siu Sai Wan. Mount Collinson and Pottinger Peak on the south and Mount Parker on the west, restrict further development. Shek O Country Park is at the south of Chai Wan.
Chai Wan was formerly known as Sai Wan (西灣). At the beginning of the 18th century, the area consisted of six villages: Dai Ping Village, Law Uk, Luk Uk, Nam Uk, Sai Village, Sing Uk. In 1845, the British military built a fort and a barracks in Siu Sai Wan which operated until the 1980s. Sai Sau Wan become an area for new population. In 1929, the Boy Scouts Association, Hong Kong Branch purchased land for the Chai Wan Campsite where Chai Wan Park is now situated. The land returned to Hong Kong Government for development in the early 1970s.
The Law Uk Folk Museum was formerly a village and is now a museum, a branch of the Hong Kong Museum Of History.
Heng Fa Chuen
Heng Fa Chuen is a private residential estate in Chai Wan, jointly developed by MTR Corporation and Kerry Properties. Construction of the residential estate began on 13 August 1977, ended on 26 April 1982 and officially opened on 10 July 1982. The area was reclaimed from Pak Sha Wan (白沙灣) and Lei Yue Mun Bay (鯉魚門灣). The current promenade along the shoreline was once a beach, surrounded by barren hills and vegetation. Further west, there was once a quarry, near to the site of the Hong Kong Museum Of Coastal Defence. However, the quarry was decommissioned by the Hong Kong Government, after it was mined out. The miners dispersed, with some moving to Chai Wan and settling in wooden houses. There were still traces of it when the of the Hong Kong Museum of Coastal Defence was established.
Siu Sai Wan
Siu Sai Wan is a newly developed residential area, located in the eastern part of Chai Wan. The population is about 80,000.
Schools in the area include:
Islamic Kasim Tuet Memorial College.
Caritas Chai Wan Marden Foundation Secondary School
Chong Gene Hang College (張振興伉儷書院)
Cognito College (Hong Kong) (文理書院（香港）)
French International School (Hong Kong)