Founded by the Portuguese as a fortified port and trading center in 1687, this present capital city of Guinea– Bissau is located on the Geba River estuary on the Atlantic coast. An important administrative, military and educational center of the country, Bissau is also a major seaport facilitating exports of peanuts, hardwoods, copra, palm-oil and rubber. Spread over a 77 square kilometer area, Bissau generally lacks development. Served by the Osvaldo Vieira International Airport with scheduled flights connecting to Praia, Dakar and Lisbon, Bissau is featuring quite a few discos and nightclubs with pool tables and dance floors.
Landmark attractions within Bissau include the 18th century Fortaleza de Sao Jose da Amura barracks containing the mausoleum of Amilcar Cabral, the ruins of the Presidential Palace, the National Ethnographic Museum, the Mercado de Bandim market, the Porto Pidjiguiti and the Bissau Velho colonial centre. Popular shopping attractions on your Bissau tour can consist of cashew nuts, hand-woven textiles and a variety of wood carved items.