Independence Fjord is a large fjord in the eastern part of northern Greenland. It is about 200 km long and up to 30 km wide. Jørgen Brønlund Fjord is a smaller fjord branching northwest from Independence Fjord. In the area around the fjord are traces of two paleo-Eskimo cultures known as Independence I culture and Independence II culture.
North of the fjord, in southern Peary Land, there are remains of dwellings with elliptical floor plan, built by Early Paleoeskimo Independence I culture. These people used tools made from rocks and bones, and subsisted from hunting wildlife like musk oxen and arctic hares. Bones of musk oxen hunted down in Peary Land show that the area was inhabited at 2000 B.C. The oldest discoveries are dated at 2400 B.C. Discoveries of the time starting around 1800 B.C. until 1300 B.C. were mostly made south of Independence Fjord. It is unknown whether the Independence I culture vanished or the people moved south.