Winneba, traditionally known as Simpa, also (informally) known as the Land of the Gharteys because its royals and many of its inhabitants bear this name, is an historic fishing town in Ghana, lying on the south coast, 35 miles (56 km) west of Accra and 90 miles (140 km) east of Cape Coast. The population was recorded as 40,017 in a census in 2000. Its inhabitants are known as Simpafo or Effutufo. It is the capital of the Awutu/Effutu/Senya District in Central Region. The main industries of Winneba are fishing and pottery.
It is known for the Aboakyer deer-hunting festival of the Effutu people and its New Year fancy dress carnival/mascarading festival. The town has a rich musical tradition and currently boasts of several renowned musical groups in the country, including the Winneba Youth Choir, the Osimpam Ompeh group. The University of Education, Winneba is one of the educational institutions in Ghana. Until 1966 it was the Kwame Nkrumah Institute of Ideology. Winneba was founded by Osimpam Bondzie Abe 1 who had established a settlement there by 1400 AD. During the colonial era, (Effutu)Winneba served as a port town between Europe and the-then Gold Coast.