Tema is a city on the Atlantic coast of Ghana, lying 25 kilometres (16 mi) east of the Ghanaian capital city, Accra, in the region of Greater Accra. As of 2005, Tema had a population of approximately 209,000. The Greenwich Meridian (00 Longitude) passes directly through the city. Tema is locally nicknamed the "Harbour City" because of its status as Ghana's largest seaport.
A planned city commissioned by Ghana's first president, Kwame Nkrumah, Tema was originally a small fishing village, and grew after the construction of a large harbour in 1961. It is now the nation's largest seaport, home to an oil refinery and many manufacturing centres, and is linked to the capital by railway and a highway. Tema is one of Ghana's two deep seaports, the other being Sekondi Takoradi.
In 1952, the government acquired 166 square kilometres (64 sq mi) of land north of the harbour, and entrusted it to the Tema Development Corporation. The “New Town” that was subsequently built on the site was planned as an industrial and residential complex. The villagers of Torman were ejected to make way for the project, and migrated to a new fishing ground around 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) away.