Techiman is the leading market town in Ghana and is, together with Sunyani, one of the two chief cities of the Brong-Ahafo Region. This city of nearly 80,000 is located at a historical crossroads of trade routes and the Tano River, and serves as capital of the Techiman Municipal District. Techiman is the legendary birthplace of all of the Akan peoples. The Fante people, according to their oral tradition, migrated from Techiman to found the coastal Mankessim Kingdom in 1252.
After Bono Manso, capital of the Bono state, was taken by the Ashanti Empire in 1723, refugees settled in Techiman and founded the Bono-Techiman state in 1740 under Ashanti sovereignty. Techiman is connected by road to Sunyani and its airport. The city is not yet serviced by the Ghana Railway Corporation, but it has been proposed that a line be extended there. The Tano River is a navigable river.