Salaga is a city in Ghana's Northern Region and the capital of its East Gonja District. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Salaga served as a key market town of the Ashanti kingdom, particularly for the busy regional slave trade and kola trade controlling Salaga gave the Ashanti a monopoly over trade to the North and trade to the South Situated in the southernmost reaches of the Sahel, Salaga was referred to as "the Timbuktu of the south" for its cosmopolitan population and varied trade.
Salaga was founded by the Nanumba people as a small trading post for meat products. The name Salaga comes from the Dagbani word "salgi" which means "To get used to a place of abode" The area under the control of the Bimbila Naa and was called Bopelani, prior to the conquer of the area by the Gonja. The Salaga area just like Daboya salt mine belonged to the Mossi-Dagomba states of Maprusi, Dagomba and Nanumba. One of the Naumba princes by name Wumbei used to hunt around Bopelani (later Salga).