The Port of Hamburg
is a port in Hamburg, Germany
, on the river Elbe. The harbour is located 110 kilometres from the mouth of the Elbe into the North Sea.It is named Germany's "Gateway to the World
" and is the largest port in Germany. In terms of TEU throughout, the port of Hamburg is the third-busiest port in Europe
(after the ports of Rotterdam and Antwerp) and 15th-largest worldwide. In 2010, 7.895 million containers were handled in Hamburg.
The harbour covers an area of 73.99 km sq (64.80 km sq usable), of which 43.31 km sq (34.12 km sq) are land areas. The location is naturally advantaged by a branching Elbe, creating an ideal place for a port complex with warehousing and transshipment facilities. The extensive free port also enables toll-free shipping.The celebration of the harbour's birthday (Hafengeburtstag) every year during the first weekend of May is one of Hamburg's biggest public events.
Hamburg is a major cruise destination but also a major location for shipbuilder and shipyards.
The Port of Hamburg is also one of Hamburg's largest attractions, both as a living, industrial and logistic center but also as a backdrop for modern culture and the ports history. Among these are various museum ships, musical theaters, bars, restaurants and hotels - and even a floating boat church.Tour guides on boat tours in the harbor are called he lüchts (Low German for he is lying) after an often used call of dock workers when they overheard the stories told to tourists.