The Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, commonly known as the University of Munich or LMU, is a university in Munich, Germany. A public research university, it is amongst Germany's oldest universities.
Originally established in Ingolstadt in 1472 by Duke Ludwig IX of Bavaria-Landshut, the university was moved in 1800 to Landshut by King Maximilian I of Bavaria when Ingolstadt was threatened by the French, before being relocated to its present-day location in Munich in 1826 by King Ludwig I of Bavaria. In 1802, the university was officially named Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität by King Maximilian I of Bavaria in his as well as the university's original founder's honour.
The University of Munich has, particularly since the 19th century, been considered as one of Germany's as well as Europe's most prestigious universities; with 34 Nobel laureates associated with the university, it ranks 13th worldwide in terms of Nobel laureates. Among these were Wilhelm Röntgen, Max Planck, Werner Heisenberg, Otto Hahn and Thomas Mann. Pope Benedict XVI was also a student and professor at the university. The LMU has recently been conferred the title of "elite university" under the German Universities Excellence Initiative.
The LMU is currently the second-largest university in Germany in terms of student population; in the winter semester of 2009/2010, the university had a total of 45,539 matriculated students. Of these, 7,801 were freshmen while international students totalled 6,743 or almost 15% of the student population. As for endowments, the university records in 2008 a total of 458.8 million Euros in funding without the university hospital; with the university hospital, the university has a total funding amounting to approximately 1 billion Euros.
LMU's institutes and research centers are spread throughout Munich, with several buildings located in the suburbs of Oberschleissheim and Garching as well as Maisach and Bad Tölz. The university's main buildings are grouped around Geschwister-Scholl-Platz and Professor-Huber-Platz on Ludwigstrasse, extending into side streets such as Akademiestraße, Schellingstraße, and Veterinärstraße. Other large campuses and institutes are located in Großhadern (Klinikum Großhadern), Martinsried (chemistry and biotechnology campus), the Ludwigsvorstadt (Klinikum Innenstadt) and in the Lehel (Institut am Englischen Garten), across from the main buildings, through the Englischer Garten. The university's main building is situated in Geschwister-Scholl-Platz and the university's main campus is served by the Munich subway's Universität station.
The university currently consists of the following 18 faculties which oversee various departments and institutes.
Faculty of Catholic Theology
One of the founding faculties of LMU Munich, the Faculty of Catholic Theology houses the Martin Grabmann Research Institute of Medieval Theology and Philosophy, the Ecumenical Research Institute, Klaus-Mörsdorf-Studies of Canon Law as well as the unique Institute of Orthodox Theology which is a specialty of the LMU Munich.
Faculty of Protestant Theology
Notable research facilities of the faculty include the Office for Contemporary Church History and the Church Press Archive. The faculty also cooperates with the Faculties of Philosophy and of Cultural Studies as well as the Institute of Technology-Theology-Natural Sciences, and is involved with the Centre for Ecumenical Research.
Pope Benedict XVI completed his graduate (major seminary) theological studies for the priesthood here before his presbyteral Ordination on 29 June 1951; he was ordained along with his older brother, the now-famous boys' choir director, Monsignor Georg Ratzinger, P.A., by Cardinal Michael von Faulhaber.
Faculty of Business Administration
Also known as the Munich School of Management, the Fakultät für Betriebswirtschaft consistently ranks among the top business schools in Germany and offers a number of national and international master programmes which feature collaborations with various national and international research institutions.
Faculty of Economics
The faculty offers a broad-based programme with a wide range of optional subjects taught by international researchers who work as guest fellows at the university's Center for Economic Studies (CES).
Faculty of Medicine
Consisting of the University of Munich Hospital, located in both Großhadern and downtown Munich, LMU Munich's medical faculty is the largest medical training institution in southern Germany and is internationally renowned for its rigour.