At a close distance of four kilometers from the Mediterranean Sea and 25 kilometers to the south of Gaza City, Khan Yunis in the Gaza Strip was once a village called ‘Salqah’ before the 14th century. Offering a safe place for caravans, pilgrims and travelers, a structure built of imported limestone and local sandstone called ‘Khan’ was erected in 1387 and which still stands in the middle of the town. A weekly Thursday market which would eventually draw traders from the neighboring regions fortunately turned Khan Yunis to become an important town and trading center, that which has effectively survived until today.
Presently, home to over 180,000 inhabitants, including occupants of the refugee camp, Khan Yunis is the second largest city within the Gaza Strip. Basically, displaying a semi-arid landscape adjacent to the coastline, Khan Yunis temperatures rise as high as 30 degrees Celsius during summers. Moderately cold during the winter season, Khan Yunis is generally believed to receive 260 mm of annual rainfall.