Present capital and the largest Palestinian city within the Gaza Strip, Gaza has been inhabited ever since 15th century BC. However throughout history, Gaza has never ever been self-ruled or independent, except for now, in pursuance of the 1993 Oslo Accord. Maintaining one of the highest population densities in the World, Gaza City is predominantly Muslim, albeit a small Christian minority. Surviving on small scale industries, agriculture and labor, over 75 percent of the Gaza City population is made up of people born after 1985.
Situated on a low-lying round hill at an elevation of 45 feet above mean sea level, Gaza City is 78 kilometers to the southwest of Jerusalem. The historic Old City of Gaza features seven gates and showcase, some old buildings with red and white masonry constructed in the Ablaq style of decoration. Apart from the charming old town, other popular tourist attractions in Gaza City include the Great Mosque, the Beach Camp and the Hamam al-Sumara, which is one of the last Turkish Baths in town.