Prized by the Europeans for the rich fishing grounds close to the Grand Banks, authority over these island territories sparked conflicts between the French and the English in the historic past. First settled by the French during the early 17th century, Saint Pierre & Miquelon are a small group of islands, located south of Newfoundland and Labrador within the North Atlantic Ocean. Depopulated and repopulated over a number of times, Saint Pierre & Miquelon still remains as the last vestige of Imperial France within North America.
Since the decline in the cod stocks which has seriously affected the fisheries, efforts are now being made to make Saint Pierre & Miquelon an ideal and popular tourist destination. Featuring a mild refreshing climate alongside beautiful landscapes, the quality of air and warmth exhibited by the inhabitants is charming. French is official and the main language of communication on Saint Pierre & Miquelon, where ice-hockey is the most popular sport enjoyed by the residents.