République is a station of the Paris Métro, serving lines 3, 5, 8, 9, and 11. The station opened on 19 October 1904 as part of the first section of line 3 between Père Lachaise and Villiers. The line 5 platforms opened on 15 November 1907 with the extension of the line from Jacques Bonsergent (then called Lancry) to Gare Du Nord. The line 8 platforms opened on 5 May 1931 with the extension of the line from Richelieu - Drouot to Porte de Charenton.
The line 9 platforms opened on 10 December 1933 with the extension of the line from Richelieu-Drouot to Porte de Montreuil. The line 11 platforms opened on 28 April 1935 with the opening of the line from Châtelet to Porte des Lilas. It is named after the Place de la République, which in turn was named to commemorate the First, Second, and Third French Republics.