The National Library of Finland
is the foremost research library in Finland. Administratively the library is part of the University of Helsinki. Until 1 August 2006, it was known as the Helsinki University Library. In addition to being the most important of the libraries of the University of Helsinki, the National Library is responsible for storing the Finnish cultural heritage. By Finnish law, the National Library is entitled to receive copies of all printed matter, as well as audiovisual materials excepting films, produced in Finland of for distribution in Finland. These copies are then distributed by the Library to its own national collection and to reserve collections of five other university libraries. Also, the National Library has the obligation to collect and preserve materials published on the Internet.
In 2011 the National Library of Finland welcomed a total of 166,300 customers. The library collections, the largest in Finland, comprised about 109 kilometres of shelf space. The collections included a total of some three million books and periodicals. Approximately 7.6 million pages of digitised material were viewed over the web. Some 224 million files were harvested for the Finnish Web Archive, which currently contains a total of 718 million files.
Collections And Services
The origins of the Helsinki University Library collections are usually thought to lie in the book collection of the Cathedral School of Åbo, which consisted of some 20 volumes and passed to the Academy of Turku in conjunction with the Academy's establishment in 1640. After the Great Fire of Turku in 1827, the library was relinquished to the University of Helsinki. Today, the library is responsible for the collection, description, preservation and accessibility of Finland's printed national heritage and the unique collections under its care. In short, the library completes the statutory duties required of a library in Finland.
The library holds an almost complete collection of literature published in Finland or relating to Finland ("the Fennica collection")and extensive collections of other humanities literature. The library also holds several special collections (such as the Monrepos Library, the A. E. Nordenskiöld Collection, the Lapponica Collection and the Reenpää Collection) as well as special libraries (such as the Slavonic Library, the American Resource Center and the Music Library). In 2011 the library collections icluded a total of some three million books and periodicals. The online archive contained 718 million files.