The Kamnik–Savinja Alps are a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps. They lie in northern Slovenia, except for the northernmost part, which lies in Austria. The western part of the range was named in 1778 by Belsazar Hacquet and Franz Xaver von Wulfen the Kamnik Alps (German: Steiner Alpen) after the town of Kamnik in the valley of the Kamnik Bistrica River. Its eastern part was named the Savinja Alps (Slovene: Savinjske Alpe, German: Sannthaler or Sulzbacher Alpen) by Johannes Frischauf in 1875, because the main river of the chain is the upper Savinja.
The Kamnik–Savinja Alps are located south of the Karavanke range at the border of Austria and Slovenia, stretching from the Sava River in the west to the Savinja in the east, where the adjacent Slovenian Prealps with the Pohorje range, the Celje Hills at the Dravinja River, as well as the Sava Hills are located. In the northwest, the valley of the Vellach creek leading to Bad Vellach is the southernmost point of both the Austrian state of Carinthia and Austria as a whole.
The entire main chain is today part of Slovenia. Historically it formed the border between the Inner Austrian duchies of Carinthia (i.e. the present-day Koroška historic region), Styria (Štajerska) and Carniola (Upper Carniola). The tripoint was located on Mt. Ursula (Slovene: Uršlja gora).There is also a small glacier under Mt. Skuta,which is the easternmost in the Southern Alps.
Mountains And Passes
In total, 28 peaks surpass 2,000 m. The total area of the Slovene part is about 900 km². About three quarters of the surface are overgrown with forest while many of the higher peaks are bleak and rocky.The most important passes are the Seebergsattel (Slovene: Jezersko sedlo) between Austrian Carinthia and the Slovene Jezersko municipality, as well as the Pavlič Pass . On the Slovenian side, there is a skiing area, whereas tourism in the Vellach Valley focuses on health spas.
The most important peaks are:
- Grintovec – 2,558 m (8,392 ft)
- Jezerska Kočna – 2,540 m (8,333 ft)
- Skuta – 2,532 m (8,307 ft)
- Ojstrica – 2,350 m (7,710 ft)
- Storžič – 2,132 m (6,995 ft)