The Eritrean Catholic Church is an autonomous Particular Church, which is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, in communion with the Pope in Rome. Located in Eritrea in the Horn of Africa, this church uses the Alexandrine rite.
The same year as the establishment of the Eparchy of Asmara, conflict between Eritrea and Ethiopia broke out, as Ethiopia tried to enforce its control of the region. This resulted in the 30-year long Eritrean War of Independence. A referendum was held in 1993 which resulted in the establishment of Eritrea as an independent nation.