Stow-on-the-Wold is a small market town and civil parish in Gloucestershire
. It is situated on top of an 800 ft (244 m) hill, at the convergence of a number of major roads through the Cotswolds, including the Fosse Way (A429). The town was founded as a planned market place by Norman lords to take advantage of trade on the converging roads. Fairs have been held by royal charter since 1330 and an annual horse fair is still held on the edge of the town.
Several roads link Stow to the surrounding villages. The Fosse Way (A429), which runs from Exeter
; the A424, which runs from Burford, into the A44 and into Evesham; and the A436, which connects Cheltenham
From 1881 until 1962, Stow was served by Stow-on-the-Wold railway station which was on the Great Western Railway's Banbury and Cheltenham Direct Railway. The nearest railway station is now Moreton-in-Marsh (approximately 4 miles from Stow). This station is on the Cotswold Line from Hereford
to London Paddington
. An alternative is Kingham railway station (approximately 5 miles from Stow) on the same line.