Hatton Garden is a street and area in the district of Holborn in the London Borough of Camden. It is most famous for being London’s jewellery quarter and centre of the UK diamond trade, but the area is also now home to a diverse range of media and creative businesses. The name ‘Hatton Garden’ is derived from the garden of the Bishop of Ely, which was given to Sir Christopher Hatton by Elizabeth I in 1581, during a vacancy of the see.
The area surrounding Hatton Garden has been the centre of London's jewellery trade since medieval times. The old City of London had certain streets, or quarters, dedicated to types of business, and the area around Hatton Garden became a centre for jewellers and jewellery.
Nearly 300 of the businesses in Hatton Garden are in the jewellery industry and over 55 shops represent the largest cluster of jewellery retailers in the UK. The largest of these companies is De Beers, the international family of companies that dominate the international diamond trade. De Beers has its headquarters in a complex of offices and warehouses just behind the main Hatton Garden shopping street.
Hatton Garden also has a large number of media, publishing and creative businesses, including Grey (advertising agency), Terrapinn (conference organiser), Publishing Events (contract publisher), Thomson Reuters (business information publisher), The Domarn Group (design agency), Inspira Media Group (digital media agency), Knightstone Publishing (book publishing) and The Energy Exchange (conference organiser).