National Simon Bolivar Zoo and Botanical Gardens (Zoo and botanical garden National Simon Bolivar) also alternatively called Simon Bolivar Zoo and Parque Bolivar, is the name given to a zoo and botanical garden located in the city of San Jose, capital of Costa Rica.
It Is Botanical Garden (1916) and the country's oldest zoo (1921). It is located in Barrio Amon, on the bank of the river Torres. His name is a tribute to Simon Bolivar, because the zoo was inaugurated on July 24th of 1921 during the celebrations for the birthday of the liberator. Since 1994 it is administered by the Pro Zoos (Fundazoo) Foundation.
The zoo has a lagoon that is occupied by a wetland protected, one of the few that can be found in San Jose. It is covered with tiny plants of Lemna minimum and Cyperus papyrus that give a characteristic greenish hue. It also has other plants associated as Cyperus involucratus, Job's Tears, Rhipidocladum racemiflorum and Calathea lutea, and surrounded by trees and palms and pink apple (Sizygium jambos), laurel (Cordia alliodora), figs (Ficus), Targua (Croton draco) sotacaballo (Zygia longifolia) and pacaya (Chamadorea costaricana).
In this wetland ecosystem coexist several species of fauna of the park: golden-eyed tree frog (Agalychnis annae), common toad (marine Rhinella), turtle padlock (scorpion mud turtle), caiman (Caiman crocodiles), fish of the genus Poecilia, heron green (green heron), water fowl (Aramides cajanea), raccoons (Procyon lotor), opossums (Didelphys marsupialis), dragonflies, crabs, water fleas, copepods, caddis flies, bugs and beetles water.