La Mesa is a municipality and town of Colombia in the department of Cundinamarca. The city is (62 km/39 mi from Bogotá.) The population is approx. 27,500. It's name comes from its geographical position, located on the top of a Plateau with an area of 4 km² (2.5 sq mi) in the centre of the Cordillera Oriental mountains, (the most Easterly of the three ridges which the Andes are divided into in Colombia.)
Before the Spaniards came to the Americas, the area was inhabited by the Panches Indians who were notable warriors. This town is famed for the Botanical Expedition on the New Kingdom of Granada which commenced from there in 1783 led by the biologist José Celestino Mutis. The expedition researched local fauna and flora. It was also an important trade centre during the 19th and part of the 20th century.