Xuanwu District (simplified Chinese: 宣武区; traditional Chinese: 宣武區; pinyin: Xuānwǔ Qū) is a former district of the Municipality of Beijing. It was located southwest to the city center, outside of Xuanwu Gate. The district was merged into Xicheng District in July, 2010.
The district spanned over 16.5 km² in size. It was located outside the Imperial Inner City and was predominantly reserved for the lower class. Although considered wealthy once in history and was one of the older districts of the once Imperial City, Xuanwu District had undergone rapid changes in recent history. The district was also the birthplace of the famous Peking Opera. It also housed the Caishikou execution grounds of the Qing Dynasty.
Xuanwu District had a large muslim population. In the planning for the 2008 Olympic Games, many of the district's traditional hutong were destroyed. Popular destinations in Xuanwu District include: