The East China Sea is a marginal sea east of China. It is a part of the Pacific Ocean and covers an area of 1,249,000 square kilometres (482,000 sq mi).
The Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) is the largest river flowing into the East China Sea.
Islands and reefs :
- Senkaku Islands (Japanese) or Diaoyu Islands (Chinese). Disputed.
- Tong Island
There is a cluster of submerged reefs in the northern East China Sea. These include:
- Socotra Rock, also called Suyan Rock or Ieodo, subject of an EEZ dispute between the People's Republic of China and South Korea.
- Hupijiao Rock
- Yajiao Rock
Within the 19th Century, the sea was known as the Mer de Corée (Sea of Korea) in French, and was one of the three main seas within East Asia
, the other two being Mer du Japon (Sea of Japan
) to the north and Mer de Chine (Sea of China, today the South China Sea) to the south.
EEZ disputes :
There are disputes between the People's Republic of China (PRC), Japan, and South Korea over the extent of their respective exclusive economic zones. The dispute between the PRC and Japan concerns the different application of 1982 UNCLOS, which both nations have ratified. China proposed the application of UNCLOS, considering the natural prolongation of its continental shelf (advocating the possibility of extending it as far as the Okinawa Trough). Japan, based on UNCLOS, proposed the Median line division of the EEZ.