Swift Current is a small city in southwest Saskatchewan. It is situated along the Trans Canada Highway 170 kilometres (110 mi) west from Moose Jaw, and 218 kilometrs (135 mi) east from Medicine Hat, Alberta. Swift Current grew 0.8% between 2001 and 2006 ending up at 14,946 residents.
The city is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Swift Current No. 137. Swift Current has a long history which began with Swift Current Creek which originates at Cypress Hills and winds its way across 100 miles (160 km) of prairie, flowing through Ried Lake along the way and emptying into the South Saskatchewan River. First Nations people knew it well and camped alongside its banks for centuries.
The name of the creek has its own history, and over time has evolved into what we know today as Swift Current. The first known name is believed to have come from the Cree, who referred to it as "kisiskâciwan". The word means "it flows swiftly", and is the same word used to describe the South Saskatchewan River. When early fur traders found the creek on their westward treks in the 1800s, they named it "Riviere Au Courant", which means "Swift Current".
Henri Julien, who was an artist with the North West Mounted Police expedition that arrived in 1874, referred to it as "Du Courant", while Commissioner French noted "Strong Current Creek" in his diary during the same period. It would be another decade before it was officially recorded, but it appears the area was and always has been known as Swift Current.Swift Current Creek also contains a small number of fish species. These include northern pike, white sucker and burbot.