Dover is a small incorporated fishing and lumbering village located in a small cove at the head of Freshwater Bay, Bonavista Bay, Newfoundland, Canada. Settled in the early 1890s it was originally known as Shoal Bay, presumably from its many shallow covers and inlets in the area. From the 1950s to the 1970 Shoal Bay was referred to as Wellington (Dover Post Office), whereas the local residents called it Dover. Near Dover is geological feature called the Dover Fault, a major break in the Earth's crust. It is the dividing line for Gondwana and Laurentia that was formed by the Iapetus Ocean.