Glacier National Park is one of seven national parks in British Columbia, and is part of a system of 43 parks and park reserves across Canada. It protects a portion of the Columbia Mountains. It also contains the Rogers Pass National Historic Site, designated for its importance in the construction and development of Canada's first major national transportation route. It is 1,349 km2 (521 sq mi) in area and was established in 1886. It contains extensively glaciated areas.
Glaciers cover much of the challenging terrain in the park, which is dominated by 10 peaks ranging from 8,530 to 11,120 ft (2,600 to 3,390 m) in height. Steep, rugged mountains, a wide variety of plant and animal life, and a warm, moist climate are typical of this natural regions. Peaks of the Hermit Range, the Bonney and Bostock Groups, the Van Horne Range, Purity Range, Dawson Range, and the especially challenging Sir Donald Range all lie wholly or in part within the park. Animals in the park include mountain caribou, mountain goat, grizzly bear, and Canadian lynx.