Dschang is the capital of the division of Ménoua. The Bamiléké are the predominant ethnic tribe. The documented history of Dschang began in 1895, when it was "discovered" by a German military mission. In 1909, the city replaced Fontem as the capital of a Germany military district. The region where Dschang now exists was then not the place of any major settlement but, instead, was an area that two bordering chiefdoms fought over. The name Dschang translates to "dispute" in the local language. Following Germany's defeat in World War I, Cameroon became a British possession in 1917. The country was subsequently handed over to the French in 1920, who declared Dschang to be the capital of Ouest Province, and developed the city's vacation resort in the 1940s. This resort now forms the basis of Dsh's plans to promote Dschang as a tourist destination.