Montana is a city in northwestern Bulgaria, located 50 km south of Danube river, 40 km northwest of Vratsa and 30 km east of the Serbian border. It is the administrative centre of the homonymous Montana Province. As of February 2011, the town has a population of 43,324 inhabitants.
When the town was first settled by Slavs it was known as Kutlovitsa; later in Ottoman Turkish as Kutlofça. The town was renamed Ferdinand in 1890, receiving the benevolence of Bulgarian Knyaz Ferdinand and a city status. In 1945, communist authorities changed the town's name to Hristo Mihaylov after red party activist Hristo Mihaylov (died 1944), a leader of the 1923 September Uprising in the region. A year later the name was changed to Mihaylovgrad. In 1993, after a presidential decree, the town received the name Montana, inspired by the name of the nearby Roman settlement.