Cachoeira is an inland town of Bahia, Brazil
, on the Paraguaçu River. The town exports sugar, cotton and tobacco and is a thriving commercial and industrial centre.First settled by the Indians, it was later settled by the Portuguese families of Dias Adorno and Rodrigues Martins. It became known as Nossa Senhora do Rosário in 1674.
Sugar cane farming, gold mining on rio das Contas, increased traffic on royal streets, and navigation on the Rio Paraguaçu combined to boost the regional economy in the beginning of the 18th century. In the beginning of 1800, the Cachoeirense society became very important politically. It actively participated in the war of the Independence of Bahia.Cachoeira is considered a national monument of the Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico Artístico e Nacional.It is currently undergoing a bit of a tourist revival, and is a centre of candomblé.