The Indian Pacific is a twice-weekly passenger rail service running between Perth and Sydney, Australia. The train first ran in 1970 after the completion of gauge conversion projects in Western and South Australia.
The first Indian Pacific service left Sydney on 23 February 1970, the first direct train across the Australian continent, made possible by the completion of an east-west standard gauge route a few months earlier. The service was originally operated jointly by the New South Wales Government Railways, South Australian Railways, Commonwealth Railways and Western Australian Government Railways. The stainless steel carriages, purpose-built for the train by Comeng, were owned by the Commonwealth Railways with a proportion of the maintenance paid by the New South Wales, South Australian and Western Australian state governments. The carriages were branded "Railways of Australia" to avoid having to name the four different railway systems.