Mount Maroon is a mountain in South East Queensland that is part of the McPherson Range. The mountain rises to 966 m (3,169 ft) above sea level about 12 km west of Rathdowney. The original indigenous name for the mountain was Wahlmoorum which meant sand goanna in the Yuggera language. The current name for the mountain comes from the first grazing property in the area called Maroon.
Mount Maroon consists mainly of rhyolite and has its geological origins in the cooling of molten rock beneath the surface. The mountain was first gazetted in 1938 as Mount Maroon National Park. In 1950, Mount Barney National Park was extended to include Mount Maroon and nearby Mount May. The mountain contains areas of montane heath vegetation, rocky pavement and mallee ash shrublands.