Kirribilli House is the official Sydney residence of the Australian Prime Minister. The house is located at the far eastern end of Kirribilli Avenue in the harbourside suburb of Kirribilli. It is one of two official Prime Ministerial residences, the other being the Lodge, in Canberra. In 1854, merchant Adolphus Frederic Feez purchased a 1-acre (4,000 m2) parcel of land at the tip of Kirribilli Point for £200. (The land had been sliced off the grounds of adjacent Wotonga House, which now forms part of Admiralty House, Sydney, but was then in private ownership.) Feez built the picturesque Gothic-style structure now known as Kirribilli House-a twin-gabled dwelling or cottage ornee-on the land's highest spot.
The house features steeply pitched roofs, fretwork, bargeboards and bay windows. It passed through many private hands until it was purchased in 1919 for £10,000 by Arthur Wigram Allen. Allen planned to subdivide the land but after much public agitation the then Prime Minister of Australia, Billy Hughes, resumed the property for government purposes in 1920.
The official Prime Ministerial residence is The Lodge, Canberra. Kirribilli House is situated on the North Shore of Sydney Harbour, in the suburb of Kirribilli. It commands impressive views across to the Sydney Harbour Bridge, Circular Quay and the Sydney Opera House and has been visited over the years by many important international dignitaries. During the term (1996-2007) of John Howard, a Sydney resident, Kirribilli House was the primary residence of the Prime Minister. Kirribilli House is open to the public on one day a year, courtesy of The Australiana Fund.