Goolgowi ( /ˈɡʊlɡaʊi/) is located in western New South Wales, Australia, around 650 kilometres (400 mi) west of Sydney via the Mid-Western Highway and is the administrative centre of Carrathool Shire. At the 2006 census, Goolgowi had a population of 287. The town water is supplied via a bore and there is a separate non potable water supply to each household. It has a primary school and a 25-metre (27 yd) public swimming pool. Other services include a general store, two service stations, ex-serviceman's club, hotel, two motels, several mechanical workshops and a light engineering business.